Marines were used to test atomic weapons
They were the nuclear guinea pigs of the Cold War. And this is the shocking film to show how U.S. Marines were used in hundreds of experiments by the US military to test the limits of nuclear bombs between 1951 and 1957. During many of those tests, soldiers who thought of themselves as ‘ground grunts’ and were sworn to secrecy, witnessed the atomic explosions first-hand, and from close range, before the devastating health risks of those bombs were fully understood.
In Operation Desert Rock, the military conducted a series of nuclear tests in the Nevada Proving Grounds between 1951 and 1957, exposing thousands of participants – both military and civilian – to high levels of radiation. In total, more nearly 400,000 American soldiers and civilians would be classified as ‘atomic veterans.’ Though roughly half of those veterans were survivors of World War II, serving at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, the rest were exposed to nuclear grounds tests which lasted until 1962.
In an article published in the Bangor Daily News, the paper notes that the government wished to keep the tests out of the public eye. As a result, the plight of these soldiers exposed to high levels of radiation, suffering from radiation sickness, nausea, and cancers. Many of their children were born with deformities.
In Operation Plumbbob, a bomb testing in 1957, troops were told by their commanding officer to stand in six-foot ditch with fellow troops, keeping their heads tucked under their arm, eyes closed. There were some 14,000 soldiers in Operation Plumbbob. That operation consisted of 29 separate explosions as the military tested various types of warheads, in a move that is still controversial today. Operation Plumbbob released some 58,300 kilocuries of radioiodine into the atmosphere, large enough to produce thousands of cases of thyroid cancer and leukemia.
Another operation – called Operation Cue – sought to test how objects like buildings, food, clothing, and people, responded to nuclear explosions. After the bomb deployed, soldiers would simulate operations like delivering food to victims of the attack and medically tending to them. The fallout from that bomb reached 1,000 miles.
The scientific world knew well in advance that the radiation exposure to the soldiers during these tests was, to say the least, extremely dangerous but still went ahead with the tests.